Defining Comparative Law

Comparative law is defined as the study of legal systems by comparing them with one another. The origin of comparative law can be traced back a century ago. Some of the legal systems that are studied in comparative law include the civil law, Hindu law, Chinese law, canon law, socialist law, and many others. Montesquieu is known as the founding figure of comparative law. The modern comparative law is known to have been brought about by Sir Henry Maine, a British jurist. Comparative law has acquired practical importance since it was introduced. Many learning institutions have taken it up as a subject. The University of Oxford went into the record as the first university to teach comparative in 1869. Sir Henry Maine served as the first comparative law professor at the University.  More on


The increased globalization of world trade which involves doing business in foreign legal systems has contributed a lot to the recognition of comparative law. Many legal scholars have found a keen interest in studying comparative law and many states from all over the world practice comparative law. Comparative law has been known to unify legal systems and make the world one big place to stay. A number of disciplines have developed as individual branches of comparative law. These include the following:

  • Comparative criminal law
  • Comparative constitutional law
  • Comparative commercial law
  • Comparative civil law
  • Comparative administrative law

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Rudolf Schlesinger is a legal scholar who is said to have been escaping persecution in Germany. Rudolf Schlesinger brought comparative law to the US. Rudolf eventually became a comparative law professor at the Cornell Law School where he helped in spreading the discipline all over the United States.


Sujit Choudhry is a former Dean of Berkeley Law. He serves as the Professor of Law at the I. Michael Heyman. Sujit is a renowned international authority in matters concerning comparative law. Sujit’s research addresses the simple methodological questions that come up in comparative constitutional law. Sujit Choudhry is an author who has been able to publish over 90 book chapters, articles, reports, and working papers. Sujit serves on the Executive Committee of International Society of Public Law. Sujit is a former member of the Advisory Panel at the Governing Toronto. He has law degrees which he earned from Harvard and Oxford University. Sujit is among the four Canadians who were awarded the Trudeau Fellowship. He offers legal advice to legal scholars in matters concerning comparative law.

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Tips on successful advertising by Jose Borghi

Advertising is crucial to the success of any business. Advertising is a marketing strategy that has been used for a long time. Recently, content and inbound marketing are being used a lot by companies that want to popularize their products. Entrepreneurs who make good use of these strategies benefit a lot from them.

Jose Borghi is the CEO of Mullen Lowe Brasil, which is an ad agency. The company was previously known as Borghi Lowe. Jose describes inbound marketing as a good way for companies to get clients. The company should introduce products to the market. This way, the clients will get familiar with the products. In content marketing, the company should have understood the market needs and come up with the relevant products.

After this, the company can start making profits from the sale of products. Marketing of either services or products in any company is very important. Companies should be ready to invest a lot of time and money in marketing and coming up with quality products and services. Successful marketing makes all the investments worthwhile. For every company, the first sales are the most important and also the most difficult.

The ad agency business is still very relevant. This is despite the current online advertising trends. The publicist at Mullen Lowe offers some tips on successful Brazilian advertising. The tips include;

  • Be smart

When it comes to modern advertising, most companies have moved away from advertising on newspapers billboard and TV and are now advertising online. This way, many people will see the advert. Jose Borghi says that this should be used with other forms of advertising. It also would not hurt your business is someone first saw your product on a billboard and searched online for more information.

  • Be useful

When marketing your products, you should ensure that you clearly explain how they can be of help to the consumer. It is not enough to come up with good products if customers do not find them relevant. Manufacturers should also know exactly who the target clients are. This way, the products will be made to satisfy their specific needs.

  • Be present

It is easy to find information on all companies online. To make your company stand out, you need to be present. This can be done by participating in online forums and answering questions correctly and on time.

According to Jose Borghi, good marketing and advertising are indispensable tools when running any kind of business.

Clay Siegall Further Shows Support For Cancer Research


The development of biotechnology and research institutes across the world has made it easier to access information about different diseases. These institutes have been supporting experts who want to find solutions to diseases that have remained a mystery for many years. In recent years, many companies in the field of biotechnology embraced research and are looking for solutions to offer easy ways of treating cancer. The success that has been witnessed so far has allowed for the development of technologies that allow patients to receive better care and specialized treatment that offers a bigger margin of success.

Seattle Genetics, one of the biotechnology companies that have invested largely in cancer research, has succeeded in the development of different drug pipelines and technologies that have been useful in treating cancer. One of their most notable drug pipelines is ADCETRIS, which has been earning the company the biggest revenue amount. ADCETRIS has proved successful and is currently adopted by over 60 countries in different parts of the world.

Another milestone that defined the dedication of Seattle Genetics to finding solutions for cancer treatment is the ADC Technology. Antibody Drug Conjugates work seamlessly in the treatment of cancer by targeting and killing harmful cells while at the same time ignoring healthy cells. This is a better technology than the radiation of waves, which kill all cells in the region targeted.

About Clay Siegall

Clay Siegall, the President, Board Chairman and CEO of Seattle Genetics, is a highly skilled clinical scientist, whose career has been confined to looking for solutions to effectively defeat cancer. He founded the company in 1998 and since then he has been supporting research and the design of products that are aimed at supporting the fight to cure cancer.

Prior to building Seattle Genetics, Clay Siegall worked at the Bristol-Meyers Squibb Research Institute (1991 to 1997). He also prior to this worked at several companies and corporations including the National Cancer Institute as well as the National Institute of Health (1988 to 1991). Clay Siegall attended the University of Maryland to study Zoology and he later joined Washington University and graduated with a PhD in Genetics.

Making a Difference

There are many reasons why people choose to do the things they do. Examples of this can be found in the business world. People go into business for many reasons. The main reasons are to either make money or to make a difference. There are some people who go into business for both reasons. Eric Lefkofsky is one of those people.


Eric Lefkofsky has been in the business world his entire adult life. He started out by going to college at the University of Michigan. He graduated there in 1991 and went on to the University of Michigan Law School. Eric graduated from there in 1993.


After finishing law school, Eric made his first move in the business world. He and his partner purchased an apparel store located in Madison, Wisconsin. From there, they got in on the internet craze of 1999. The pair created an online company that sold promotional items.  More on


In 2001, InnerWorkings was created. This was a global marketing firm. In 2005, Echo Global Logistics was started. This was a global freight moving company. Both of these companies are still in existence today. Though Eric Lefkofsky was involved in the starting of both of these companies, he has since moved on from both.


In 2007, Eric Lefkofsky was a founder and an investor in a company called The following year, the name of the company was changed to Groupon. This is a company that is still around and thriving today. The concept behind Groupon took off, and the company grew quickly. Groupon earned the title of being the fastest growing company in history.  More on


In 2016, Eric created his latest company. He was a founder and the CEO of Tempus. Tempus is a technology firm that has built an operating system. This operating system analyzes blood and tissue samples from cancer patients. The results allow doctors to customize treatment plans based on what is happening inside the body of the patient.


Eric Lefkofsky has been involved in many businesses. With his current venture, he is working to move the fight against cancer forward.


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Thor Halvorssen Fights on Behalf of Oppressed People Around the World

It is a sad fact that even in this modern era, people in countries around the world are still being oppressed by ruthless dictators. These dictators use violence and the threat of violence to silence any opposition. People living under these dictatorships are often denied even the most basic rights. Liberty and freedom of speech are greatly restricted. The rare individuals who have the audacity to speak out against these dictators are harshly punished. These powerless people are forced to suffer in silence for years as they languish in prison. Fortunately, Thor Halvorssen is there to give these victims a voice and to fight for them.

Thor Halvorssen is a human rights activist from Venezuela. Thor has been a human rights activist since he was a teenager. In 1989, a young Thor Halvorssen joined organized opposition against apartheid in South Africa. As Thor grew older, the events in his life led him to become deeply concerned with human rights issues. Thor’s father was arrested, imprisoned and tortured on bogus charges after he started investigating corruption within the government of Venezuela. Thor worked with Amnesty International and other human rights organizations to get his father released from jail after he served 74 days of unjust imprisonment.

After his mother was shot and wounded by Venezuelan government security agents in 2004, Thor Halvorssen started the Human Rights Foundation. The Human Right Foundation is dedicated to promoting liberty and speaking out on behalf of victims of human rights abuse around the world. Thor Halvorssen and the HRF take on oppressive authoritarian regimes wherever they find them. The HRF has fought to protect human rights and free speech in countries such as Venezuela, Cuba, China and Vietnam. At least 7 political prisoners have been set free as a result of the efforts of Thor Halvorssen and the HRF.

Thor Halvorssen is also an accomplished film producer. Thor uses film as a medium to highlight human rights violations. Thor produced Hammer and Tickle, a film that shows how the Russian people used jokes and satire to express the truth when free speech was suppressed by the Soviet regime. Thor Halvorssen still works to speak out on behalf of oppressed people around the world.


Cotemar’s Subsidiaries and Their Services

Cotemar Mexico is without doubt one of the largest oil and natural drilling industry providers. Their sophisticated technology and processes have landed a position in the world’s leading energy industry providers. In its early days, it was the biggest provider for PEMEX which was the largest privately-held oil and gas drilling company them. But since the government decided to take over all the drilling activities in the country, they now have more work. Cotemar has grown to owning over 30 vessels and nearly ten rigs.



Cotemar Mexico is dedicated to serving the Brazilian market by offering support to the energy industry. When their journey began, more than 37 years ago, they only concentrated in the provision of lodging and catering services. From when they opened their doors, they were determined to achieve nothing short of success. Year in year out they have told a different success story, each year their success growing even bigger. What makes Cotemar success is their ability to differentiate themselves with their competitors. They make sure that everything is world-class. From entertainment to cuisines, they do not leave anything to chance. The next ingredient for their success is great management. Cotemar Mexico operates through three subsidiaries.



  • Apoyo Logistico Marino


As the name indicates, this is the body that is in charge of the company’s logistics. They manage a fleet of specialized vessels that are involved in firefighting and oil spills responses. Also, they own a number of vessels that process materials that are extracted from the rigs. Additionally, they have vessels that specialize in the transportation of personnel, to and fro worksites. Then there are those that transport light materials and the turgs and burges that transport bulky material.



  • Cocinas Del Mar


This is where employees’ welfare is catered for. This subsidiary operates vessels that have 2 or 4 sharing cabins. The vessels offer accommodation, health services and catering. There are common rooms and recreational areas for entertainment and relaxation. This subsidiary feed 20% of the personnel working at Sonda de Campeche.



  • Sipsa


Sipsa is the subsidiary that is charged with modernization of rigs, construction, maintenance and engineering. This subsidiary operates semisubmersible rigs with specialized cranes, storage areas and decks that have work areas that can support very heavy equipment. They are ISO 9001: 2008 certified, meaning that they maintain the highest standards of quality and safety.

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How UKV PLC Is Transforming The Wine Business In The UK

UK Vintners PLC is a private wine dealer company in the United Kingdom. The firm was incorporated on 25 March 2015 with its head office in the Greater London. UK Vintners (of London) has been conducting wine business for almost two years now. Currently, the company has two directors and one secretary who spearhead daily operations of the firm.

UKV PLC Services
UK Vintners Company engages in the acquisition, supply, and sales of bonded fine wine and champagne for both private individuals and business partners through their trading channels. Through its knowledgeable consultants, UKV PLC provides its customers with the most appropriate wine or champagne for any occasion. Also, the company distributes wine and champagne both in small quantities for consumption and in bulk for investment. UKV PLC operates as an independent wine merchant and therefore not limited to a single supply chain. The firm offers wine delivery services for a fee to various destinations in the UK.

UKV PLC provides free wine valuation services to clients who wish to know the current value of their wine in the market. The firm determines the value of wine based on the current market demand value, popularity and current availability of wine both locally and internationally. Also, UKV PLC offers brokerage services should a customer wish to sell his or her wine.

In every business, interacting with customers and sharing of essential information is crucial. UKV PLC keeps in touch with clients through social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

UKV PLC sources finest quality wines from leading brands. They store the excess wine in a warehouse where it is subjected to controlled temperatures. They do the valuation of wine before delivering it to customers. Their clients are therefore guaranteed premium wines and champagne all the times. Also, once you purchase your wine, they will deliver it to your doorstep for a small fee.

Betsy DeVos Adds To A Great Philanthropic History For The Michigan Business Family

Living in an impressive philanthropic environment can have a great effect on those who get the opportunity to explore a great deal of charitable giving and I believe Betsy DeVos has taken the mantle as one of the most impressive and important philanthropists in the world. The newly appointed U.S. Secretary of Education has played a key role in pushing forward a number of key issues through her philanthropic giving as part of the well known charitable donors within the DeVos family; a recent report I read about the work of Betsy DeVos and the DeVos family as a whole explained in 2015 the eldest members of the DeVos family provided more than $100 million in funding for various programs as part of an ongoing group of donations made in the name of the family.

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The Dick and Betsy DeVos Foundation seems to me to provide funding for the majority of programs identified by Betsy DeVos as the most important in the five areas the couple have identified in community, education, arts, justice, and leadership. I am always pleased to see any philanthropist backing their own areas of interest with a large level of funding provided by individuals like Betsy DeVos; the need for a high level of community involvement in Michigan and beyond is important to the Holland, Michigan born Betsy DeVos as she believes engaging the people of West Michigan in various different community based programs can have a positive effect on all areas of life in the state.

Like most people I believe Betsy DeVos is making sure each and every individual attending any form of educational institution has the chance of receiving the best possible level of education. Zip code based differences are an aspect of the education system Betsy DeVos hopes to remove as she seeks to help families make their own choices about where their children are educated and how this is completed. In her home state of Michigan I have been impressed with the role Betsy DeVos has played in developing the Detroit Charter School program that has been proven in independent studies to assist children in receiving a higher standard of education than is offered in the traditional public school system.

Through The Windquest Group and the Dick and Betsy DeVos Foundation Betsy DeVos has developed, what I believe to be an innovative and unique charter school in the West Michigan Aviation Academy; after looking over the details of the school developed by Betsy DeVos the high number of low income students and those from minority groups has reached high levels over the course of its life under the leadership of Mrs. DeVos.

A Guide on picking Healthy, Organic Lip Balms

Having chapped lips is an unpleasant experience. However, you can make your lips smooth and healthy by providing them with moisturizing nutrients usually present in an organic lip balm. The presence of many lip balms on the cosmetic market creates more confusion rather than choice. This excerpt will help you to choose high-quality lip balms that address your beauty and health needs.

Go organic

You need to conduct a rigorous research to avoid purchasing lip balms that are rich in toxic ingredients. Synthetic balms may contain alcohol, petrochemicals, silicon dioxide, artificial skin softeners, manufactured chemicals, and waxes. Do not buy products that contain artificial flavors and colors. Natural flora and fruit extracts are ideal sources of color and flavor. Extracts from rosemary, mint, and eucalyptus can offer herbal essences. Quality and purity are your most vital factors in selecting lip balm as well as other health products.

Nutrition and protection

Organic lip balms do not contain chemical compounds common in synthetic lip balm. Therefore, the ingredient mixture can offer 100 percent health benefit with no disparaging aspects. Examples of natural ingredients are beeswax, Jojoba, shea butter, cocoa butter, and aloe vera.

Evolution of Smooth (EOS)

Evolution of Smooth ( has experienced a dramatic success since their inception in 2009. Their recipe for success is unique packaging, excellent marketing strategies, and partnership with internationally recognized stars such as Miley Cyrus. EOS lip balm products are instantaneously recognizable. Round and colorful, the products come in a rainbow variety of colors. Today, Evolution of Smooth lip balms are available at major stores like Well, Walmart and Target. The products are also available online on Amazon and eBay

The lip balm is 95 percent organic, made with vitamins, shea butter, jojoba oil, and paraben-free. EOS lip balms have received numerous positive online reviews from its fans on sites such as, and EOS has an incredible social media presence as well, cashing in with more than two million likes on Facebook and 161,000 followers on Twitter.

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John Goullet Takes On The Challenge Of Industry Staffing

John Goullet begins his workday with a gym training session. He gets to the office and evaluates his schedule. He is an entrepreneur who knows what it takes to build a solid team. Teamwork is what makes every organization effective. John Goullet and Diversant Inc specialize in providing the type of service that makes a company run in the most effective manner. His career started as an IT consultant. John eventually learned that staffing was a key element to any industry. He launched Info Technologies and quickly built it into a million-dollar organization. Info Technologies specialized in staffing for IT companies. The IT field has needs just like any other. Technical jobs can be very difficult to fill. Large tech companies rarely advertise their positions. Mass hiring seminars are not normal for an industry that needs specifically trained people. John was able to assess the needs of the industry and develop a product that satisfies their desires.

Info Technologies merged with Diversant Inc. Diversant Inc is a spin off of the idea that John Goullet had when he began his staffing vision. The company boasts a client list of Fortune 500 clients. It remains at the forefront of staffing in the tech industry. Technology is constantly evolving. The companies who are involved in this industry regularly need people to fill new job titles and positions. There is not enough individuals studying the tech industry in the United States to satisfy the needs of so many employment positions. It is the job of John and his team at Diversant to prepare their recruits for the workforce that they are attempting to enter. A basic education will be obsolete by the time a person graduates from a particular school. Diversant Inc is able to remain aware of the advances in the IT industry and prepare their clients for the upcoming opportunities. There is great value in observing competitors within an industry. A lot can be learned by those who are successful as well as those who are having trouble. John believes that emulating successful organizations creates good habits. It is important to hire the right people and train them the best way possible.

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